Indian education system- India is a developing country. The nation is right now in a phase where its youth population is expanding. youth can make or break a nation hence high-quality education is of most extreme significance for its future success. India is well recognized for its superior quality of education. The schools are highly focused on producing well educated, literate individuals who are ready to make a difference in the world. However, despite India’s highly focused education system, cutting edge foundation and a treasure of experts, there are certain roadblocks to the effectiveness of the Indian education system which withholds its potential to learn from. These barriers include Negligence Of Sports, an incompetent Grade system, rote learning methods, etc.

Issues of the Indian education system

1) Rote Learning:

Indian education system

Students opt for rote learning as a method of studying since the education system emphasis more on the importance of grades rather than learning. Students concern themselves with retaining as much information as they can instead of focusing on what they understanding from what teachers are teaching. Rote learning does not create capable individuals out of students rather dim down their intellectual potentials. Adopting the conceptual learning method is in schools is one way of ruling out rote learning. Teachers encourage students to understand concepts rather than mugging up the contents of their textbooks.

2) Discouraging sports:

How Education system pulls back India

Studies have proved that physical activities and sports have both direct and indirect effects on the mental capacity of an individual. Sports and exercises Increase the oxygen supplied to the brain enhancing mental performance, memory, and concentration. Hence sports is essential in addition to education. Nevertheless, sports are only seen as a distraction from studies by parents and faculties, discouraging students from participating in sports. This has a direct negative influence on the sports sector of India. One of the areas India lags behind.

3) Profit over education:

Equal education is a basic human right especially in a democratic country like India.  Several Private schools have started to emerge with promises of providing high-quality education. The problem lies in their expensive fees not everyone can afford. Parents rush after these private schools with hopes and intentions of availing the best education for their children. Due to trends of private schools, government schools are being left behind and seen as incapable of providing quality education. The situation of government schools is worsening as we know for a fact that their resources are quite lacking.

Torn between highly expensive admissions in private schools and incapable government schools, the educational gap between people belonging to different economic backgrounds increases. Talents suppressed by low economic strength never get the chance they require at the education they deserve in order to bloom. The majority of the Indian population cannot afford private schooling it becomes a chance to build India as a strong nation when the majority of its youth cannot get a high-quality education.

4) Faulty Evaluative system

Indian education system

Every child is different, some are academically strong and others perform well in performing arts. However, the evaluative system of the Indian education system judges them on the same grade scale label them as intelligent or week students. Each individual has different passions and different goals in life. Instead of encouraging what the child is good, parents and teachers are pushing them to obtain marks. Indian student’s sole purpose to study is to obtain maximum marks as they are the deciding factors in a child’s future. Focusing to teach children so they are developing life skill, problem-solving skill, leadership skills, communication skills in addition to studying other subjects

Indian higher education system and its challenges:

Indian education system

India has one of the world’s largest system for higher education. Comprising of  329 state universities, 46 central universities, 74 institutions of national importance, and 205 state private universities. In spite of having such a large higher education system, not even one Indian university has secured a position in the top 100 universities in the world. Revealing the low standard of Indian education institutes as compared to other universities across the globe.

The gap between Education and Industry

The advantage of finishing higher studies is to be able to find a good job. However Indian industries are having a hard time employing individuals who can fit the position in their company after finishing the post-graduation. There is a large no. of students who have finished their post-graduation and still have not able to find it. The main reason for unemployment of educated youth is because Indian education finds little relation with the professional aspect of their field.

Lack of quality faculty members

Lack of faculties who can teach effectively is a factor causing failure of the higher education in India. Most faculties dictate to their students rather than teach them or provide them with a proper learning experience. Lack of faculties is a common challenge for all Indian universities.

Political Interference

Indian education system

Educational institutes required to be autonomous and free in the will and away from any kind of control from the politics of a country. However political dominance is affecting Indian education institutes and their quality of education suffers. E.g. the Vice-Chancellor in a university plays a very important role in managing and improving its education methods and systems. Such a person needs to select on the basis of their merit however politics in India affect the appointment of such an important person for an educational institution.

Inequality in the Indian Education system

Due to Unequal opportunities, Individuals develop unequally. Caste, gender, economic background, religion are major factors on the basis of which people are treated unequally. The disparity between rural and urban individuals exists in the education sector as well. This vastly affects the ability of education institutes in producing the quality of individuals with academic excellence. Pull back India greatly.

Betterment of Indian Education system

Life skills- introducing life skills from primary levels for prepping the students to handle life. learn values and promoting ideas in the student’s minds according to their aptitude.

Practical ideas – should be given priority as we easily grasp what we are seeing and experiencing rather than from theoretical knowledge.

Enhancing creativity- children have a creative mind but their creativity gets dull as they grow up. The curriculum should be such that it supports creativity in young minds.

Sports and arts – physical activities is of the utmost importance in addition to studies. Art as well as a refreshment to the mind and also opens various sources of income in today’s time.


The economy and growth of a country are affected by its citizens. The more productive they are, the more a nation grows. Productive individuals equate to those individuals who are educated, employed, and carrying out a job. Educated individuals can carry out important critical tasks, such as – Scientists, journalists, accountants, Doctors, etc. India all though one of the youngest countries in the world only has around 160  million college-going students. Even after expanding exponentially in the education sector post-independence, the higher education system of India still suffers from great issues. These majorly pulls it back and lags behind as compared to other nations.


Also Read: India’s obsession with Science stream

Anubhav Kumar Das

Anubhav Kumar Das

Anubhav is the owner of Forever Pieces. He is a published author and poet. He is a part-time freelance writer and maybe found strumming the guitar for gigs on festive weekends. Besides all these, he is also an exhibited artist and photographer.

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